dr. Pieternel Dijkstra

Social Psychologist


The scientific research and publications I have contributed to are the following:


Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H. & Van Brummen-Girigori, O. (2021). Thuisonderwijs ten tijde van corona. Willemstad: Universiteit van Curaçao.

Barelds, D.P.H. & Dijkstra, P. (in press). Exploring the link between bright and dark personality traits and different types of jealousy. Psychological Topics.



Barelds, D.P.H., Dijkstra, P. & Van Brummen-Girigori, O. (2020). Thuiswerken ten tijde van corona. Willemstad: Universiteit van Curaçao.

Buunk, A.P., Dijkstra, P. & Barelds, D.P.H. , Jansen, E., Macapagal, K., Mustanski, B., et al. (2020). Affect and emotions. In: R.R. Milhausen et al. (Eds). Handbook of sexuality-related measures (4th edition; pp. 34-63). New York: Routledge/Taylor.

Buunk, A.P., Dijkstra, P., Massar, K., Zurriaga, R., & Gonzalez-Navarro, P. (2020). Envy and jealousy: The role of intersexual competition in the workplace. In: Yang et al. (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Workplace Affect (pp. 440-451). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Buunk, A.P., Gibbons, F.X., Dijkstra, P., & Zlatan, K. (2020). Individual differences in social comparison: The complex effects of social comparison orientation. In: J.Sulls, & R.L. Collins (Eds.), Social comparison, judgement and behavior (pp. 77-104).  Oxford University Press.

Buunk, A.P., Barelds, D.P.H., Urzua, A., Gonzalez-Navarro, P., & Dijkstra, P.  (2020).  The psychometric structure of the Spanish language version of the Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 23: e9.



Dijkstra, P., Van Brummen-Girigori, O., & Barelds, D.P.H. (2019). Mindset and basic psychological need satisfaction among secondary school students from Curaçao. Caribbean Journal of Psychology, 11.

Dijkstra, P., Van Brummen-Girigori, O., & Barelds, D.P.H. (2019). Weight-related selves and their relationship with Body Mass Index among young individuals on Curaçao. The Journal of Black Psychology, 45, 306-334.

Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H. (shared first authors), & Van Brummen-Girigori, O. (2019). A cock in the henhouse: Relations between Dark Triad, jealousy and sex ratio. Journal of Individual Differences, 41, 78-85.

Buunk, A.P., Dijkstra, P. & Leckie, G. (2019). Ethnic differences in jealousy in Surinam. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36, 1136-1149.



Buunk, A.P., Dijkstra, P. & Massar, K. (2018). The universal threat and temptation of extradyadic affairs. In: A. Vangelisti & D. Perlman, The Cambridge handbook of personal relationships (2nd Edition; 353-364). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Zurriaga, R., González-Navarro, P., Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2018). Jealousy at work: The role of rival characteristics. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12443


Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H., Noks, N. & Ronner, S. (2017). The intimate relationships of the intellectually gifted: Attachment style, conflict style and relationship satisfaction. Marriage and Family Review, 53, 262-280.

Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H., & Van Brummen, O. (2017). General cognitive distortions and body satisfaction: Findings from The Netherlands and Curacao. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 10, 93-106.

Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H., Hoeneveld, A. (2017). Mindfulness, werkstress en irrationele gedachten. Gedrag & Organisatie, 30, 122-140.

Dijkstra, P. & Buunk, A.P. (2017). Social psychology and mental health. In: L. Steg, A.P. Buunk & K. Keizer (Eds.). Applied Social Psychology: Understanding and managing social problems (pp.255-274). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dijkstra, P. & Buunk, A.P. (2017). In: J.E. Maddux (2017), Social comparison processes. In: Social Psychological Foundations of Well-being. UK: Psychology Press.

Dijkstra, P., Van Brummen-Girigori, O., & Barelds, D.P.H. (2017). Meer groente en fruit en minder snacks: Een analyse vanuit de theorie van gepland gedrag onder middelbare scholieren op Curaçao. Curaçao: University of Curaçao Dr. Moises da Costa Gomez/Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Barelds, D.P., Dijkstra, P., Groothof, H.A.K., & Pastoor, C.D. (2017). The Dark Triad and three types of jealousy: Its’ relations among heterosexuals and homosexuals involved in a romantic relationships. Personality and Individual Differences, 116, 6-10.

Buunk, A.P. & Dijkstra, P.  (2017). Social comparison and well-being. In: M.D. Robinson & M. Eid (Eds.), The happy mind: Cognitive contributions to well-being, 311-330. Springer.

Van Brummen-Girigori, O., Dijkstra, P., & Girigori, A. (2017). Een verkennend onderzoek naar de subjectieve beleving van school onder basisschoolleerlingen op Curaçao. Curaçao: Ministerie van Onderwijs Wetenschap Cultuur en Sport/ University of Curaçao Dr. Moises da Costa Gomez.


Dijkstra, P., & Barelds, D.P.H. (2016). Afgunst en sociale vergelijkingen: De rol van dispositionele afgunst en prestatiedoelen. Gedrag & Organisatie, 29, 381-400.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2016). Sex and marriage with members of other ethnic groups: A study among young Moroccans, Turks and Dutch living in the Netherlands. Cross-Cultural Research, 1-23.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2016). Life time prevalence of three types of domestic violence and their relationships to demographic variables: A study from Nicaragua. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 4.

Buunk, A.P., Franco, S., Dijkstra, P. & Zurriaga, R. (2016). Mobbing in schools and hospitals in Uruguay: Prevalence and relation to loss of status. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 – 12.

Buunk, A.P., Peiro, J.M., Rocabert, E., & Dijkstra, P. (2016). Life satisfaction and status among adolescent law offenders. Criminal Behavior and Mental Health, 26, 94-100.

Van Brummen-Girigori, O., Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2016). Father abandonment and jealousy: A study among women on Curaçao. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 181-184.


Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H., & Van Brummen, O. (2015). Weight-influenced self-esteem and body satisfaction: A comparison between women from Curacao and The Netherlands. Sex Roles, 73, 355-369.

Dijkstra, P., De Zeeuw, H., Barelds, D.P.H., & Buunk, A.P. (2015). Clinican’s perceptions of and emotional responses to online infidelity. International Journal of Psychosocial Reserach, 3, 12-21.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2015). Rival characteristics that provoke jealousy: A study in Iraqi Kurdistan.Evolutionary Behavioral Science, 9, 116-127.


Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H., & Buwalda, F. (2014). Fear of blushing among adults and children. Personality and Individual Differences, 66, 5-9.

Dijkstra, P.H., Barelds, D.P.H., Groothof, H.A.K., & Van Bruggen, M. (2014).  Empathy in intimate relationships: The role of positive illusions. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 55, 447-482.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2014). Social comparison orientation and perspective taking as related to responses to a victim. Psychology, 5, 441-450.


Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H., & Groothof, H.A.K. (2013). Jealousy in Response to online and offline infidelity: The role of sex and sexual orientation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 54, 328-326.


Dijkstra, P. , Barelds, D.P.H. & Groothof, H.A.K., Ronner, S., & Nauta, A.P. (2012). Partner preferences of the intellectually gifted. Marriage and Family Review, 48, 96-108.

Dijkstra, P. , Barelds, D.P.H., Ronner, S., & Nauta, A.P. (2012). Personality and wellbeing: Do the intellectually gifted differ from the general population? Advanced Development, 13.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2012). The social animal within organizations. In: C.S. Roberts, Applied Evolutionary Psychology (pp 36-51). USA: Oxford University Press.

Buunk, A.P., Dijkstra, P., Bosch, Z.A., Dijkstra, A. & Barelds, D.P.H.  (2012). Social comparison orientation as related to two types of closeness. Journal of Research in personality, 46, 279-285.

Niezink, L.W., Siero, F.W., Dijkstra, P., Buunk, A.P., & Barelds, D.P.H. (2012). Empathic concern: Distinguishing between tenderness and sympathy. Motivation and Emotion36, 544-549


Dijkstra, P. & Barelds, D.P.H. (2011). Women’s meta-perceptions of attractiveness and their relations to body image. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 8, 74-77.

Dijkstra, P. & Barelds, D.P.H. (2011). Women, sex and modern society: The sex lives of women of a Dutch women’s magazine. International Journal of Sexual Health, 23, 35-47.

Barelds, D.P.H. & Dijkstra, P. (2011). Positive illusions about a partner’s personality and relationship quality. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 37-43.

Kuyper, H., Dijkstra, P., Buunk, A.P., & Van der Werf (2011). Social comparisons in the classroom: An investigation of the Better Than Average Effect among secondary school children. Journal of School Psychology, 49, 25-53.


Dijkstra, P. & Barelds, D.P.H. (2010). Perceptions of ideal and former partner’s personality and similarity. Interpersona: An international journal on personal relationships, 4,194-212.

Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H. & Groothof, H.A.K. (2010). An inventory and update of jealousy-evoking partner behaviors in modern society. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 17, 329-345.

Dijkstra, P., Gibbons, F., & Buunk, A.P. (2010). Social comparison theory. In: Social Psychological Foundations of Clinical Psychology (pp. 195-211). New York, US: Guilford Publications.

Barelds, D.P.H., & Dijkstra, P. (2010). Narcissistic Personality Inventory: Structure of the adapted Dutch version. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 51, 132-138.

Barelds, D.P.H, & Dijkstra, P. (2010). Humor in marriage. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 23, 447-466.

Pollet, T.V., Dijkstra, P. , Barelds, D.P.H., & A.P. Buunk (2010). Birth order and the dominance aspect of extraversion: Are firstborns more extraverted than laterborns? Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 742-745.

Wehrens, M.,J.P.W., Buunk, A.P., Lubbers, M.J., Dijkstra, P., Kuyper, H., & Van der Werf, G.P.C. (2010). The relationship between affective response to social comparison and academic performance in high school. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 35, 203-214.

Wehrens, M.J.W., Kuyper, H., Dijkstra, P., Buunk, A.P., & Van der Werf, G.P.H. (2010). The long-term effect of social comparison on academic performance. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 1158-1171.


Dijkstra, P., Barelds, D.P.H. & Buunk, A.P. (2009). On the adaptive nature of jealousy: Jealousy from an evolutionary psychological perspective. In: A. Błachnio & A. Przepiorka (Eds.), Closer to emotions III (pp 241-256). Lublin, Poland: Wydawnictwo KUL.

Barelds, D.P.H., & Dijkstra, P. (2009). Positive illusions about a partner’s physical attractiveness and relationship quality. Personal Relationships, 16, 263-283.

Buunk, A.P., Pollet, T.V., Klavina, L., Figueredo, A., & Dijkstra, P. (2009). Height among women is curvillinearly related to life history strategy. Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 545-559.

Dijkstra, P. & Barelds, D.P.H. (2009). Dutch women’s wellbeing: The role of individual differences. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50(4), 309-315.

Groothof, H.A.K., Dijkstra, P., & Barelds, D.P.H. (2009). Sex differences in jealousy in response to Internet infidelity. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 26, 1119-1129.

Hustinx, P.W.J., Kuyper, H., Van der Werf, G.P.H., & Dijkstra, P. (2009). Achievement motivation revisited: New longitudinal data to demonstrate its predictive power. Educational psychology, 29, 561-582.

Kuyper, H., & Dijkstra, P. (2009). Better-than-average effects in secondary education: A 3-year follow-up. Educational Research and Evaluation, 15, 167-184.


Dijkstra, P., & Barelds, D.P.H. (2008). Self and partner personality and responses to relationship threats. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1500-1511.

Dijkstra, P., & Barelds, D.P.H. (2008). What Dutch women of different ages regret most. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1663-1667.

Dijkstra, P. & Barelds, D.P.H. (2008). Do people know what they want: A similar or complementary partner? Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 595-602.

Dijkstra, P. & Barelds, D.P.H (2008). Positive illusions about one’s partner’s physical attractiveness. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 5, 99-108.

Dijkstra, P. & Kuyper, H., Buunk, A.P., Van der Werf, G. & Van der Zee, Y. (2008). Social comparison in the classroom: A review. Review of Educational Research, 78, 828-879.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2008). Affiliation, attraction and close relationships. In K. Jonas, & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Introduction Social Psychology (pp. 196-215). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2008). Social psychology and mental health. In L. Steg, A.P. Buunk & J.A.Rothengatter (Eds.). Applied Social Psychology: Understanding and managing social problems (pp. 188-196). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Barelds, D.P.H & Dijkstra, P. (2007). Lovers at first sight or friends first? Ties between partner personality trait similarity, love and relationship quality. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 24, 479-496.

Barelds, D.P.H. & Dijkstra, P. (2007). Relations between different types of jealousy and self and partner perceptions of relationship quality. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 14, 176-188.

Buunk, A.P., Massar, K., & Dijkstra, P. (2007). A social cognitive evolutionary approach to jealousy : The automatic evaluation of one’s romantic rivals. In Forgas, J., Haselton, M., & Von Hippel, W. (Eds.) Evolution and the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and social cognition (pp. 213-228). New York: Psychology Press.


Barelds, D.P.H. & Dijkstra, P. (2006). Partner personality in distressed relationships. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 13, 392-396.

Barelds, D.P.H. & Dijkstra, P. (2006). Reactive, anxious and possessive jealousy and their relationship to relationship quality among heterosexuals and homosexuals. Journal of Homosexuality, 51, 183-198.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2006). The threat of temptation: Extradyadic relationships and jealousy. In D. Perlman & A.L. Vangelisti (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of personal relationships. (pp. 533-556). New York: Cambridge University Press.


Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2005). A narrow waist versus broad shoulders: Sex and age differences in the jealousy-evoking characteristics of a rival’s body build. Personality and Individual Differences, 39, 379-389.

Buunk, A.P. & Dijkstra, P. (2005). The ultimate betrayal? Infidelity and solidarity in close relationships. In D. Fetchenhauer, A. Flache, A.P. Buunk, & S. Lindenberg (eds.), Solidarity and prosocial behavior. An integration of psychological and sociological perspectives. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2005). Diferencias de género en las características del rival que provocan celos debidos a la infidelidad emocional o sexual. In Fernández, J.S., Martínez, G.S., & Sande J.R. (Eds.), Psicología jurídica, de la violencia y de género. (pp. 313-321). Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva.


Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2004). Gender differences in rival characteristics that evoke jealousy in response to emotional and sexual infidelity. Personal Relationships, 11, 395-409.

Buunk, A. P. & Dijkstra, P. (2004). Men, women and infidelity: sex differences in extradyadic sex and jealousy from an evolutionary perspective. In G. Allan, J. Duncombe, K. Harrison, & D. Marsden (Eds.), The state of affairs. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


Dijkstra, P. & Buunk, A.P. (2002). Sex differences in the jealousy evoking effect of 56 rival characteristics. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 829-852.

Buunk, A.P., Dijkstra, P., Fetchenhauer, D., & Kenrick, D.T. (2002). Age and gender differences in mate selection criteria for various involvement levels. Personal Relationships, 9, 271-278.


Buunk, A.P., Dijkstra. P., Warntjes, A. & Kenrick, D.T. (2001). Age and gender differences in mate selection criteria for various involvement levels. Evolution and Human Behavior, 22, 241-250.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2001). Rationalizations and defensive attributions for high-risk sex among heterosexuals. Patient Education and Counseling, 45, 127-132.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2001). Evidence from a homosexual sample for a sex-specific rival-oriented mechanism: Jealousy as a function of a rival’s physical attractiveness and dominance. Personal Relationships, 8, 391-406.


Dijkstra, P., & Buunk, A.P. (2001). Sex differences in the jealousy-evoking nature of a rival’s body build. Evolution and Human Behavior, 22, 335-341.

Dijkstra, P., Buunk, A.P. & Blanton, H. (2000). The effect of target’s physical attractiveness and dominance on STD-risk perceptions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30, 1738-1755.

Dijkstra, P. , Groothof, H.A.K., Poel, G.A., Laverman, T.G., Schrier, M., & Buunk, A.P. (2001). Sex Differences in the Events that Elicit Jealousy among Homosexuals. Personal Relationships, 8, 41-54.

Buss, D.M., Shackelford, T.K., Choe, J., Dijkstra, P., & Buunk, B.P. (2000). Distress about mating rivals. Personal Relationships, 7, 235-243.

Buunk, A.P., & Dijkstra, P. (2000). Extradyadic Relationships and Jealousy. In C. Hendrick & S.S. Hendrick (Eds.), Close rela­ti­onships: A sourcebook (pp 317-330). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Dijkstra, P., & Buunk, A.P. (1998). Jealousy as a function of rival characteris­tics: An evolutionary perspective. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 1158-1166.